The territory of San Vito Lo Capo can be compared to a ring where there are set three wonderful pearls: San Vito, Macari and Castelluzzo, no two are alike precious pearl, the same can be said for these places, all but no less beautiful. This area is lucky to be between two nature reserves, one of Mount Hood and the other side of the Gypsy that somehow protect it and make it unique. Makari is between via Grotta Perciata and Passo dei Monaci.
Two watch towers, protect its territory, narrating stories of pirates and young Sicilian nobles, abduction, ransom, slavery and freedom, but his story takes us to distant times.
In the area of Macari and its immediate vicinity you can find the caves that indicate the place as a settlement of the Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic [Sebastiano Tusa: "Sicily in prehistory].
But as the story is "impossible to separate this area from the ancient" territorium "Monte S. Giuliano which is a site with exceptional continuity of settlement, they were found materials that lead back to the first half of the 1st millennium. C., through elements connoting strong Punic presence that transformed Erice in religious center and emporium, until the conquest of Dorieus in 510 BC, new archaeological fotointerpretazioni have made it possible to identify the area in this ancient city of Heraklion in Sicily, hypotheses which is confirmed in the geographical indications of the historical Greeks and types of ceramic shards found in situ. Founded by Dorieus in 510 BC, as handed down by Herodotus, Thucydides and Diodorus of Sicily, the city only lasted twenty-five years ie until 480 BC before being conquered by the Carthaginian general Malco and change its name into Makara (Makari) that still stands [ Valentina Di Via Colli: "Continuity settlement Ager Erycinus, monuments of the past in search of identity].
A confirmation can be remembered the Punic road well traced and identified near Custonaci and they certainly came across these zones. The continuity is confirmed, because, this way, it is modeled on the Roman one, it is marked by milestones from which light emerges the figure of the goddess Tanit, and that lead to the identification of a stretch of road that went from Valeria Lilybeo in Messina and whose Custonaci was a Statio. Later the territory drew indisputable and precise identity around the Sanctuary of San Vito tell us how the watchtowers and handed down knowledge that move between history and legend. In short this territory dotted with small churches cave, prehistoric caves, shrines, wayside shrines sacred remains of monasteries and towers, he has experienced all stages of history, all the dominations, and this ancient history, immersed in an enchanting landscape, surprised by the sudden and unexpected flourish, between the stones, a wild iris or a blood poppy, you can find again the signs.
TEXT BY THE PROF STEFANIA POLISHED
Of human presence in San Vito Lo Capo you have evidence dating back a thousand year a.c. thanks to some artefacts recovered in the numerous caverns formed in the cliffs that abound the coast . Other remains of underground burials dating from a later period also confirm the presence of a permanent nature settlements . The history of San Vito Lo Capo is linked in any way to San Vito Martire , a young nobleman born in Mazara in 286 d.c. idolatrous father and Christian mother died a few days after his birth .
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